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Superior Shoulder Dislocation

It is caused by severe upward and forward thrust by an indirect force from below with the arm commonly in adduction.


CLINICAL FEATURES :

•A clearly elevated shoulder with head felt over acromion, arm shortened.

•Arm adducted and very painful shoulder without movement.


COMPLICATIONS :

•Associated fractures of acromion, acromioclavicular join, clavicle, coracoid or humeral tuberosities.

•Soft tissue damage especially of superior capsule and rotator cuff.

•Neurovascular involvement is common.


TREATMENT:

•Closed reduction and restoration of the damaged tissue.

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